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Relation between Indoor Air Quality and Mold

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) describes the characteristics of the indoor conditions, a climate within an enclosed building, and in relation to occupants’ health and comfort. There are many factors of indoor contaminants, one of them being bioaerosol. The most common bioaerosol is mold, a type of fungi.

 

Symptoms associated with indoor mold include mucosal irritation, recurrent rhinitis, recurrent hoarseness, asthmatic, interstitial lung disease, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, pulmonary hemorrhage, aspergillosis, penicilliosis, candidiasis, recurrent sinusitis, etc. This has become a serious concern as people spend more time indoors in an airtight air-conditioned environment at home, at work or at school. Enclosed environment which more people spend their leisure time at such as at the child development centers, gymnasium, cinema and shopping malls.

Sciencedirect defines “A bioaerosol is an airborne collection of biological material. Bioaerosols can be comprised of bacterial cells and cellular fragments, fungal spores and fungal hyphae, viruses, and by-products of microbial metabolism. Pollen grains and other biological material can also be airborne as a bioaerosol.”

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